Brexit: ‘Breakthrough’ deal paves way for future trade talks

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PM Theresa May has struck a last-minute sell with the EU in a bid to move Brexit talks on to the next phase.

There transfer be no “hard border” with Ireland; and the rights of EU citizens in the UK and UK citizens in the EU liking be protected.

The so-called “divorce bill” will amount to between £35bn and £39bn, Downing Boulevard sources say.

The European Commission president said it was a “breakthrough” and he was confident EU number ones will approve it.

They are due to meet next Thursday for a European Meeting summit and need to give their backing to the deal if the next end of negotiations are to begin.

Talks can then move onto a transition distribute to cover a period of up to two years after Brexit, and the “framework for the future relationship” – exordium discussions about a future trade deal, although the EU says a allot can only be finalised once the UK has left the EU.

A final withdrawal treaty and transmutation deal will have to be ratified by the EU nations and the UK Parliament, before the UK goes in March 2019.

Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party, whose in conflict on Monday led to talks breaking down, said there was still “assorted work to be done” on the border issue and how it votes on the final deal “will depend on its imports”. Mrs May depends on the party’s support to win key votes in Westminster.

The pound was trading at a six-month acute against the euro as news broke of the draft agreement.

What has been conceded?

  • Guarantee that there will be “no hard border” between Northern Ireland and the Republic and that the “constitutional and budgetary integrity of the United Kingdom” will be maintained.
  • EU citizens living in the UK and imperfection versa will have their rights to live, work and work protected. The agreement includes reunification rights for relatives who do not live in the UK to unify them in their host country in the future
  • Financial settlement – No clear-cut figure is in the document but Downing Street says it will be between £35bn and £39bn, including budget contributions during a two-year “change” period after March 2019
  • Brexit: All you need to know

The Irish purfling limits – the devil in the detail

The UK government and the EU want to maintain the free flow of goods, without herbaceous border checks that they fear could threaten a return to The Grate on someones nerves, but the DUP does not want Northern Ireland to be treated differently to the rest of the UK after Brexit.

The collaborative EU-UK document says any future deal must protect “North-South co-operation” and engage in to the UK’s “guarantee of avoiding a hard border”.

The agreement also says “no new regulatory blocks” will be allowed between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK, and that Northern Ireland’s businesses compel continue to have “unfettered access” to the UK internal market – a passage mentation to have been added to meet DUP concerns.

But it also sets out a fallback slant if the UK fails to agree a trade deal. This could prove unsettled because it says there will continue to be “full alignment” between the EU and Northern Ireland on some fundamentals of cross-border trade, as set out in the Good Friday Agreement.

The DUP would have fancy this not to be in the agreement, says the BBC’s Chris Morris, and there could be some searching negotiating to do further down the line.

Citizens’ rights – same for every one?

Agreement has been reached on what happens to the three million EU patrials living in the UK and more than a million UK citizens in EU states after Brexit.

EU inhabitants currently in the UK would be allowed to continue living and working there – and those already in the territory who do not yet have permanent residency would be able to acquire it after Brexit.

Candour of movement could continue for two years after March 2019, although the UK imparts new arrivals will have to register.

The plan is that UK citizens in abiding in an EU country would get the same rights, although they would not preserve them if they moved to another EU country.

For eight years after Brexit, UK courts on be able to refer cases involving EU nationals to the European Court of Punishment for interpretation.

But the campaign group the 3million, which represents EU citizens in the UK, required there was “still no clarity around the registration criteria for these opens” and said of the eight years: “Our rights should not have an expiry contemporary”.

  • Brexit: What now for EU citizens in the UK?

The divorce bill – a figure at last

A cipher is not mentioned in the text of the agreement but Downing Street sources says it order be between £35bn and £39bn. It will be paid over four years and the exacting figure is unlikely to be known for some time.

EU Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier maintained the EU had agreed to drop the cost of relocating UK-based EU agencies from the end divorce bill.

The prime minister said it would be “fair to the British taxpayer” and make mean the UK in future “will be able to invest more in our priorities at native, such as housing, schools and the NHS”.

What happens next?

Technically a subsequent trade deal cannot be signed while the UK remains a member of the EU but “initial and preparatory discussions” can begin.

But the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier has imparted the withdrawal treaty and transition deal need to be ready by October 2018 – in also kelter that they can be ratified by March 2019, before the “real bargaining” begins on the future relationship.

Mr Barnier suggested on Friday that the just option for a future trade arrangement was a Canada-style deal, rather than a one debased on Norway, which retains free movement and unrestricted access to the apart market but pays into the EU budget.

The European Council wants the UK to traces a “member” of the EU’s customs union and single market and to remain under the blinding jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice during the transition period, according to a trickled document.

What has changed since Monday?

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The DUP, whose opposition on Monday led to talks breaking down, say there from been six “substantial changes” to the text.

Party leader Arlene Stimulate said they would mean there was “no red line down the Irish Sea” – connotation no customs barrier between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.

But BBC Northern Ireland economics redactor John Campbell says there is a lot of hard negotiating to come and compromises to be space.

Another interpretation of the deal is that that it still leaves the door air for a special status for Northern Ireland, he adds.

What does Brexit engage in mean for NI?

BBC political editor Laura Kuenssberg’s analysis

Theresa May has achieved what she scantiness – the green light to move on. Had she not, she was in deep, deep political trouble.

But the 15 page-boys, described as a “personal success” for Theresa May by Donald Tusk give her what she wanted for now.

Read more from Laura

How has it been received?

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Theresa May’s cabinet colleagues heaped praise on her, with Environment Secretary Michael Gove remark it was a “significant personal political achievement” for Mrs May while Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson tweeted: “Congratulations to PM for her settlement in getting today’s deal.”

But Labour’s Brexit spokesman Sir Keir Starmer suggested Mrs May should “seriously reflect on her approach to the negotiations so far”.

He added: “Despite being two months timer than originally planned, it is encouraging that the European Commission has recommended enough progress in the Brexit negotiations.”

European press relieved at Brexit ‘whey-faced smoke’

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DUP Leader Arlene Foster said it meant that Northern Ireland longing “not be separated constitutionally, politically, economically or regulatory from the rest of the Of like mind Kingdom” and “in all circumstances the United Kingdom will continue to ensure the at any rate unfettered access for Northern Ireland’s businesses to the whole of the UK internal shop”.

Scotland’s First Minister Nicola Sturgeon tweeted: “Move to side 2 of talks is good – but the devil is in the detail and things now get really tough.”

Lib Dem concert-master Vince Cable, who backs a referendum on the final deal, said “it reduces the risk of a catastrophic no-deal Brexit” but questioned if it would ultimate or be “torn apart by Theresa May’s own MPs”.

Former UKIP leader Nigel Farage uttered the BBC the estimated bill was “way more than we need to pay” and he was unhappy that the European Court of Prison would continue to have a role for up to eight years. “The whole fashion is humiliating. We have collapsed at every level.”

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