Cleaning women in Canada still earn much less than men for the same train, and also bear far more of the burden of extra un id work, according to a narrate released today.
That’s just one of the findings of the wide-ranging report from Oxfam Canada and the Canadian Pivot for Policy Alternatives.
The report, titled Making Women Count, looked at receipts inequality since the global recession that began in 2008, with a fixed focus on how women are faring in Canada and around the world.
Wage gap now at 72%
While there are hollows of progress, on the whole, the report does not int an encouraging picture. In 2009, rtners in Canada earned on average 74.4 per cent of what men earned. In 2010, it was 73.6 per cent, and in 2011, it was 72 per cent, nearly where it remains today.
Doubters of the gender wage gap often say that women earn less than men mainly because they function fewer hours, as a group, than men do. But Monday’s report says the matter doesn’t back that up.
“The gap in men’s and women’s incomes is not simply the result of maidservants working fewer hours,” the report said. “Nor is it the effect of different levels of education and experience. Even when all of these bankers are considered, the result remains the same: a wage gap.”
rt of the problem is that for whatever on account of, women find themselves disproportionately represented in lower- ying industries. The disclose cites the example of truck drivers (the majority are men) who are id an average of $45,417 per year, while Primordial Childhood Educators (the majority are women) are id $25,252 per year.
That’s just one prototype of a systemic imbalance.
Women, on the whole, also perform much more unsalaried work than men do. That doesn’t mean internships and the like; degree, it refers to the hours in the day that are dedicated to primarily household tasks.
In low- and middle-income provinces, the report says, women spend three times as many hours as men on owing care work each day. The situation in Canada is only slightly richer reconsider, with women performing nearly twice as many hours of voluntary work each day as do men.
Globally, women spend between three and six hours every day on household and care giving work. Men spend markedly less time on such jobs — between 30 minutes and two hours a day.
All those hours doing honorary work eats into the earning potential of women during the extant hours they have available for id work. And there again, housekeepers on the whole are drawing the short end of the stick, the report says.
Levels of popsies who are employed in Canada have climbed steadily through the 1980s and ’90s, but tranquillity have yet to match those of men, despite a demographic impetus against that: there are currently assorted women of working age in Canada than men, and on the whole, they are more plausible to have higher education.
Currently, 59 per cent of minimum wage hands in Canada are women. Yet, women in Canada’s labour force are more inclined to to have a university degree than men, but are id less, on average, across all kinds of work.
“Education alone is not sufficient to overcome discrimination in wages and trade,” the report says. “Clearly other forces are at monkeyshines.”
The wage gap is even greater for some groups of women in Canada, such as aborigine women, women of different races, and immigrant women.
Global tough nut to crack
Indeed, it’s even worse in other countries, where the report recommends the global manufacturing supply chain is disadvantaging women more than men.
“The happening that women are good for economic growth does not necessarily ignoble that economic growth is always good for women,” the blast says. “In a global economy that depends on ever chintzier labour to produce profits for the global elite, ying women in low-income countries desperately low wages has ripen into a means to drive profitability.”
While a university-educated career woman in Canada may enjoy little in common with an uneducated low-skilled worker in Bangladesh, they liable to have one area in common: child rearing.
Despite modest extension on this front in recent decades, women still perform the lion’s divide up of child-care related duties in the world. In a survey of 31 developing territories, 39 per cent of working women with children under six years old put they care for their children themselves during the work day — “truly doing two jobs at once,” the report says.
Im ct of babe care
It in the area of child rearing that the report says policymakers be struck by the easiest and most effective tools at their disposal to close the wage gap, by proceeding subsidized daycare programsm which statistics indicate are more than importance their cost in terms of returns to the economy.
“The lack of child-care interruptions keeps mothers out of the workforce long after they want and privation to return,” the report says. “The high cost of youngster care means that a working rent often spends as much as a third of their proceeds on child care.”
The report gives the example of Quebec, where bankrolled full-day daycare was implemented in 1997. Since then, the employment anyhow for Quebec women has doubled, and their poverty rates have released from 36 per cent to 22 per cent. According to a recent guesstimate from a G20 report, the im ct of that surge of workers and tax yers due to human being no longer having to leave work to care for children resulted in a 1.7 per cent enhancement in Quebec’s GDP, and an increase in provincial and federal tax revenues that exceed the program’s get.
In other words, subsidized daycare in Quebec has id for itself and then some.
Researcher Kate McInturff of the Canadian Converge for Policy Alternatives worked on the report, and said in a release that’s segment of why fixing the wage gap is good for everyone, not just women.
“In a world where so various women are still left behind, addressing the unequal economics of helpmates’s work will have a transformative im ct on our economy,” McInturff maintained.