15 July 2014
Conclusive updated at 21:05
Here is a guide to the cabinet following the reshuffle which initiated on 14 July, 2014:
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David Cameron Prime Consul Prime Minister David Cameron
Conservative David Cameron was more unknown outside Westminster when he was elected Tory leader in December 2005 at the age of 39.
The Old Etonian had enchanted that year’s rty conference with his youthful dynamism and charisma, reportedly forceful journalists he was the “heir to Blair”.
He has sought to match the former PM by putting the Middle-of-the-roaders at the centre ground of British politics.
After the 2010 election he led his bash into coalition with the Lib Dems, making tackling the UK economy’s default its priority.
He has faced criticism from some on the right of the rty but Mr Cameron has argued the coalition will see through its full five-year term.
Before beautifying leader, he was the Conservatives’ cam ign co-ordinator at the 2005 general election and trail education secretary.
He was special adviser to Home Secretary Michael Howard and Chancellor Norman Lamont in the 1990s in front of spending seven years as a public relations executive with commercial broadcaster Carlton.
Notch Clegg Deputy Prime Minister Deputy Prime Minister Appropriate Clegg
In just five years, Liberal Democrat Nick Clegg, a coeval of Mr Cameron, went from political obscurity to the absolute front variety rt of British politics.
After becoming MP for Sheffield Hallam at the 2005 plebiscite, he was promoted to Europe spokesman, before moving on to the home affairs character.
When Sir Menzies Campbell resigned as leader in 2007, he entered the bed to succeed him, in the end narrowly beating Chris Huhne.
He really came to outshoot during the televised debates ahead of the general election, being judged in receives to have been the big winner of the first one.
However, this appeared to do rarely to help the Lib Dems when they actually lost seats on 6 May. The accomplice, though, retained enough MPs to become the vital players in the hung rliament.
After enchanting his rty into coalition with the Conservatives – and U-turning on a previous surety to reject university tuition fees – Mr Clegg saw his personal poll ratings downturn, but he has pointed to areas where Lib Dem policies have come into power on taxation and consitutional issues.
Like David Cameron, he has insisted the coalition is piece in the national interest and will continue for the full rliament.
George Osborne Chancellor Chancellor George Osborne
One of David Cameron’s closest playmates and Conservative allies, George Osborne rose rapidly after fit MP for Tatton in 2001.
Michael Howard promoted him from shadow chief secretary to the Funds to shadow chancellor in May 2005, at the age of 34.
Mr Osborne took a key role in the election cam ign and uniform before Mr Cameron became leader the two were being likened to Workers’s Blair/Brown duo. The two have emulated them by becoming prime accommodate and chancellor, but have avoided the s ts.
Some prominent Conservatives receive urged Mr Osborne to do more to promote economic growth.
Before submitting rliament, he was a special adviser in the agriculture de rtment when the Tories were in administration and later served as political secretary to William Hague.
Theresa May Where one lives stress Secretary Home Secretary Theresa May
Theresa May is the second woman to hang on the post of Home Secretary.
She was the first woman to become Conservative Clique chairman, under the leadership of Iain Duncan Smith.
She then took up the mores and family portfolios before being made shadow Commons captain by David Cameron.
She has been a keen advocate of positive action to recruit sundry women Tories to winnable seats and was a key architect of the “A list” of preferred prospects.
A ssionate moderniser, she famously ruffled feathers when she told Tory activists they were catch a glimpse ofed as members of the “nasty rty”.
In her role as home secretary, she has overseen widespread replace withs to the immigration system.
Mrs May was the shadow work and pensions minister ahead of the choice.
Philip Hammond Foreign Secretary Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond has assembled up a reputation as an articulate and effective Commons performer since being elected MP for Runnymede and Weybridge in 1997.
A prior director of com nies supplying medical equipment, he was initially a member of the Traditional shadow health team before going on to serve as trade and sedulousness spokesman. He also backed Michael Portillo’s 2001 leadership bid.
In summer 2002, he went to dog the now defunct Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and local government hang on before being made shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury, at the age of 51, in the July 2007 reshuffle.
He became Exile Secretary after David Cameron’s coalition took power after the 2010 poll, building on his reputation there as an effective performer before being grouped into the defence brief after the resignation of Liam Fox from the job in October 2011.
He behooved Foreign Secretary in the July reshuffle, following the de rture of William Hague.
Vince Wire Business Secretary Business Secretary Vince Cable
Vince Radiogram has had a long journey to reach the front rank of politics, having been a Belabour be burdened and then an SDP supporter before its merger with the Liberals to become the Latitudinarian Democrats.
An economist by profession, he entered rliament as MP for Twickenham in 1997 and has grade built up his powerbase among the Lib Dems.
As the rty’s deputy leader and Funds spokesman he saw his stock rising during the credit crunch because of his earlier indications.
When he stood in as temporary leader after the resignation of Sir Menzies Campbell, he memorably drew Gordon Brown as going from “Stalin to Mr Bean”.
Has had a colourful notwithstanding in government, notably when he was recorded by under cover reporters estimate he was at war with Rupert Murdoch’s News International. He has been mentioned as a thinkable future leader of his rty.
Eric Pickles Communities Secretary Communities Secretary Eric Pickles
Eric Pickles was elementary elected to the Commons in 1992, representing an Essex seat far from his Yorkshire predecessors.
He has extensive local government experience, having led Bradford District Convocation for three years up to 1991.
He has also served in a variety of shadow ministerial rts, including transport, local government and social security spokesman, making a reputation for loyalty and good humour.
He boosted his reputation and profile in the festivity by masterminding its landmark victory over Labour in the Crewe and Nantwich by-election and was assigned rty chairman in 2009.
And he became a regular and confident media performer in the months prime up to the 2010 general election.
Sajid Javid Culture Secretary Discrimination Secretary Sajid Javid
A self-made millionaire and devotee of Margaret Thatcher, Sajid Javid is the chief Asian male Conservative cabinet minister.
He became an MP in 2010 and is regarded as one of the Rightists’ fastest-rising stars.
He was a City banker and became a Treasury minister in 2013.
Michael Fallon Justification Secretary Defence Secretary Michael Fallon
He has served as MP for Sevenoaks in Kent since 1997. He had thitherto served as MP for Darlington from 1983-92.
He was educated at Epsom College and the University of St Andrews. While he was out of government, he served as director of several com nies including Quality Care Cosies.
A resolute Thatcherite, he served as a minister under her and John Major. He proffered a number of posts including rliamentary private secretary to the secretary of regal for energy, government whip and schools minister.
From 2010-12 he served as reserve chairman of the Conservative rty, where he developed a reputation as a firefighter. In 2013 he was cut out minister of state for energy. He was promoted to defence secretary in the July reshuffle.
He is coupled with two children.
Nicky Morgan Education Secretary Education Secretary Nicky Morgan
After mull overing law at Oxford University, she worked as a solicitor specialising in corporate law and advising a class of private and public com nies from 1994, until her election as MP for the infinitesimal seat of Loughborough in 2010.
In April 2014 she was appointed financial secretary to the Moneys and minister for women and was promoted to education secretary in the July reshuffle. She inclination also continue as minister for women and equalities.
As a committed Christian, Morgan voted against same-sex union, although she supports gay civil rtnerships.
She is married with a son.
Ed Davey Puissance and Climate Secretary Energy and Climate Secretary Ed Davey
Liberal Democrat Ed Davey was determined Energy and Climate Change Secretary on 3 February 2012 following the resigning of Chris Huhne.
Mr Davey was elected MP for the newly created seat of Kingston in 1997 and has convened a series of frontbench roles. Popular within the rty, he was seen as an surface contender to succeed Sir Menzies Campbell when he stood down in 2007.
After help as the Liberal Democrat spokesman for foreign affairs prior to the 2010 selection, he was appointed business minister responsible for the Post Office, Royal Post and employment relations in the coalition government.
Liz Truss Environment Secretary Territory Secretary Liz Truss
A qualified management accountant, she became MP for South West Norfolk in 2010 and was elect education minister in 2012.
She was brought up in Yorkshire and attended Roundhay, a comprehensive imbue with in Leeds, and went on to read philosophy, politics and economics at Merton College Oxford.
Socially big, she was a founder member of the free enterprise group of Conservative MPs arguing for more deregulation of the conciseness.
She was promoted to the cabinet as secretary of state for the environment, food and rural intrigues.
She is married with two daughters.
Jeremy Hunt Health Secretary Vigour Secretary Jeremy Hunt
Jeremy Hunt was moved to the health curt after the overseeing the smooth running of the 2012 London Olympics.
The MP for South West Surrey since 2005, he became the Fundamentalists’ culture spokesman in 2007. He was previously the rty’s spokesman on disabilities and good reform.
Mr Hunt, a fluent Ja nese speaker, founded a com ny upbraided Hotcourses, offering guides to help students find the right dis tch before entering university.
As culture secretary he had a chequered time, on under pressure over his dealings with Rupert Murdoch’s Information International takeover bid.
Justine Greening Int. Development Secretary Int. Development Secretary Justine Callow
Justine Greening was promoted to the cabinet in October 2011 at the age of 42.
Miss Greening, the MP for Putney since 2005, behooved economic secretary to the Treasury after the 2010 election, succeeding Philip Hammond as happiness secretary after he was promoted to defence secretary.
Born and educated in Yorkshire, Damsel Greening studied economics at Southampton University, before getting an MBA from London Enterprise School and worked as a finance manager at British Gas owner Centrica ahead of joining the Commons.
Her move from transport was widely perceived to be a consequence of her vocal opposition to the idea of a third runway being built at Heathrow.
Chris Grayling Imprisonment Secretary Justice Secretary Chris Grayling
Chris Grayling’s cultivation to the post of Lord Chancellor and Justice Secretary represented something of a comeback.
Whilom before to the 2010 general election he had been shadow home secretary but, when the coalition was formed, he was made application minister, rather than given a cabinet role.
Seen as being on the forthwith of the rty, Mr Grayling’s appointment to the justice role will be intended to cheer some Conservatives who were unhappy at predecessor Ken Clarke’s prison revolutionizes, claiming they were too lenient on criminals.
Educated at Cambridge University, he is a antediluvian BBC News producer and the author of books on subjects including the Bridgewater Canal and Anglo-American reports.
William Hague Leader of the Commons Leader of the Commons William Hague
Since he returned to frontline manipulation in 2005, Conservative William Hague has become a key adviser to David Cameron, and was driven as de facto deputy rty leader.
The foreign secretary has plenty of sustain to call upon, having been Tory leader himself from 1997 to 2001 and pursue foreign secretary until the election.
A witty and engaging Commons Thespian who is popular with grassroots Tory members, Mr Hague entered rliament in 1989 father been special adviser to Chancellor Sir Geoffrey Howe. He was soon developed to be a social security minister and in 1995 entered the cabinet as Secretary of Structure for Wales.
In addition to his duties as shadow foreign secretary, Mr Cameron put Mr Hague in raid of rebuilding the rty in the North of England, as chairman of its Northern Board.
In the July reshuffle, Mr Hague circulated that he would be standing down as foreign secretary, prior to will rliament in 2015. He will serve the remainder of his time in politics as director of the Commons.
Theresa Villiers Northern Ireland Secretary Northern Ireland Secretary Theresa Villiers
A late barrister, Ms Villiers was elected MP for Chipping Barnet in 2005. Prior to that, she was a Colleague of the European rliament for six years.
In December 2005, Mr Cameron promoted her to intimation chief secretary to the Treasury.
In 2007, she was made a shadow transport dre, a brief she continued to hold when the coalition came to power.
A self-described Eurosceptic, she takes over from Owen terson in the work of Northern Ireland Secretary.
Alistair Carmichael Scottish Secretary Scottish Secretary Alistair Carmichael
Mr Carmichael has been allotted Scottish Secretary in the government’s latest reshuffle. He replaces Michael Moore – a best figure in the No cam ign for the Scottish independence referendum.
Mr Carmichael, the MP for Orkney and Shetland, has been the Lib Dems’ chief tie yank out and a government deputy chief whip since the formation of the coalition. He was at one time the rty’s Scottish spokesman.
Born in 1965, Mr Carmichael had a traditional cultivation on a hill farm on the Inner Hebrides island of Islay. He developed an initially interest in politics, joining the Liberal Democrat rty at just 14.
He went on to warm up as a hotel manager before studying law at Aberdeen University. He then adorn come ofed a procurator fiscal depute, working mostly in the criminal courts.
He was elected to the UK rliament in 2001, refunding Jim Wallace as MP for Orkney and Shetland.
Danny Alexander Treasury Secretary Moneys Secretary Danny Alexander
Danny Alexander was Nick Clegg’s chief of standard and the Liberal Democrats’ cam ign co-ordinator throughout the election.
He was also the ancient media chief of pro-euro cam ign group Britain in Europe, which regurgitated together leading Labour and Lib Dem voices with business groups.
Before elected to rliament in 2005, he rose to prominence when Mr Clegg became bunch leader in 2007.
He was the author of the rty’s 2010 election manifesto, becoming the Scottish Secretary in David Cameron’s approve coalition cabinet.
Mr Alexander was promoted to chief secretary – a crucial ca city overseeing spending cuts – to succeed David Laws after was false to quit over his expenses after less than three weeks in the job.
He is one of four key ministers, be aware as “the Quad”, who meet to discuss the direction of much of the coalition’s policy.
The Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey MP won one of 11 fannies for the Lib Dems in Scotland.
trick McLoughlin Transport Secretary Transport Secretary trick McLoughlin
trick McLoughlin was the Tory chief horsewhip while the rty was in opposition and carried on after the 2010 general choice as the government chief whip.
The former miner is the MP for Derbyshire Dales.
When the Conservatives were thitherto in power, he was a minister at the de rtments of transport, employment, trade and industry, and in the scrambles’ office. In opposition, he became deputy chief whip in 1998.
Mr McLoughlin’s mammy was a factory worker and he worked as a farm labourer before following his get and grandfather into the pits.
His move to transport in the reshuffle has raised gamble the government is planning to alter its current stance opposing a third runway at Heathrow Airport.
Stephen Crabb Welsh Secretary Welsh Secretary Stephen Crabb
Stephen Crabb was first selected as MP for his home constituency of Preseli Pembrokeshire in 2005 and was re-elected in May 2010 with an prolonged majority.
He grew up in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, where he attended Tasker Milward Alma Mater. He holds degrees from Bristol University and London Business Grammar.
He worked as a marketing consultant and has also been a volunteer youth white-collar worker.
A rugby player and marathon runner, Crabb for three years ran Stick out Umubano, the Conservative rty’s social action project in Rwanda and Sierra Leone.
He graced rliamentary under-secretary of state in the Wales Office in September 2012 and was stimulated to Welsh secretary in the July reshuffle.
He is married with two children.
Iain Duncan Smith Manipulate & Pensions Secretary Work & Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith
Prior Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith, the MP for Chingford and Woodford Fresh, is steering through a range of welfare changes in the role he has held since the 2010 referendum.
A former army officer, who saw active service in Northern Ireland, Mr Duncan Smith countersigned rliament in 1992 and rapidly established himself as one of the Maastricht rebels that fetched life so difficult for then Tory leader John Major. He was seen as a escalating star of the Eurosceptic right and, after a spell as shadow defence secretary under the control of William Hague, was the surprise victor in the September 2001 leadership game, beating better-known and more experienced, Europhile candidate Ken Clarke.
He had a muggy time as the Tory leader, failing to land many real blows on then PM Tony Blair and lasting a relentless barrage of criticism from the press and, in some cases, his own MPs. In November 2002, he hungered his rty to “unite or die” in response to persistent whisperings of a challenge to his leadership, but a year later he was ousted after critically failing to win the backing of enough MPs in a vote of confidence.
After losing the Tory direction, he has successfully reinvented himself as a social reform champion who, with his centre-right concoct tank Centre for Social Justice, has played an influential role in show Conservative policy on welfare and the “broken society”.
David Cameron reportedly sampled to persuade Mr Duncan Smith to move to become Justice Secretary in his September 2012 reshuffle, but Mr Duncan Smith opted to support with the welfare brief.
A number of other senior Conservatives are also accomplished to attend cabinet meetings:
- Chief Whip Michael Gove
- Aid for the Cabinet Office and ymaster General Francis Maude
- Minister for Guidance Policy Oliver Letwin
- Minister of State for Universities and Science, and Serve of State for the Cabinet Office Greg Clark
- Attorney General Jeremy Wright
- Chairlady of the House of Lords Lord Privy Seal Baroness Stowell
- Cabinet officer of State for Business and Enterprise, Minister of State for Energy, and Minister of Articulate for Portsmouth Matthew Hancock
- Minister of State for Employment Esther McVey
- Member attend to without Portfolio Grant Shapps
There is also one Lib Dem minister supplied the right to attend cabinet:
- Minister of State for Cabinet Office and Envoy extraordinary of State for Schools David Laws