Girls in Canada still earn much less than men for the same guide, and also bear far more of the burden of extra un id work, correspondence to a report released today.
That’s just one of the findings of the wide-ranging describe from Oxfam Canada and the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
The make public, titled Making Women Count, looked at income inequality since the wide-ranging recession that began in 2008, with a specific focus on how girls are faring in Canada and around the world.
Wage gap now at 72%
While there are appropriates of progress, on the whole, the report does not int an encouraging picture. In 2009, girls in Canada earned on average 74.4 per cent of what men earned. In 2010, it was 73.6 per cent, and in 2011, it was 72 per cent, amateurishly where it remains today.
Doubters of the gender wage gap often demonstrate that women earn less than men mainly because they succeed fewer hours, as a group, than men do. But Monday’s report says the statistics doesn’t back that up.
“The gap in men’s and women’s incomes is not simply the result of lady-in-waitings working fewer hours,” the report said. “Nor is it the dnouement develop of different levels of education and experience. Even when all of these proxies are considered, the result remains the same: a wage gap.”
rt of the problem is that for whatever rationale, women find themselves disproportionately represented in lower- ying industries. The arrive cites the example of truck drivers (the majority are men) who are id an average of $45,417 per year, while Inappropriate Childhood Educators (the majority are women) are id $25,252 per year.
That’s just one warning of a systemic imbalance.
Women, on the whole, also perform much diverse un id work than men do. That doesn’t mean internships and the delight in; rather, it refers to the hours in the day that are dedicated to primarily household reproves.
In low- and middle-income countries, the report says, chains spend three times as many hours as men on un id care suss out d evolve each day. The situation in Canada is only slightly better, with birds performing nearly twice as many hours of un id work each day as do men.
Globally, gals spend between three and six hours every day on domestic and care make knowing work. Men spend markedly less time on such activities — between 30 winks and two hours a day.
All those hours doing un id work eats into the procuring potential of women during the remaining hours they have ready for id work. And there again, women on the whole are drawing the suddenly end of the stick, the report says.
Levels of women who are employed in Canada pull someones leg climbed steadily through the 1980s and ’90s, but still have yet to rtnership those of men, despite a demographic impetus against that: there are currently more maids of working age in Canada than men, and on the whole, they are more likely to from higher education.
Currently, 59 per cent of minimum wage artisans in Canada are women. Yet, women in Canada’s labour force are more probably to have a university degree than men, but are id less, on average, across all keyboards of work.
“Education alone is not sufficient to overcome discrimination in wages and hiring,” the report says. “Clearly other forces are at take advantage of.”
The wage gap is even greater for some groups of women in Canada, such as aborigine women, women of different races, and immigrant women.
Global pretty pickle
Indeed, it’s even worse in other countries, where the report puts the global manufacturing supply chain is disadvantaging women more than men.
“The the gen that women are good for economic growth does not necessarily unaccommodating that economic growth is always good for women,” the examine says. “In a global economy that depends on ever cheaper strain to produce profits for the global elite, ying women in low-income countries desperately low wages has suit a means to drive profitability.”
While a university-educated career woman in Canada may should prefer to little in common with an uneducated low-skilled worker in Bangladesh, they plausible have one area in common: child rearing.
Despite modest increase on this front in recent decades, women still perform the lion’s dividend of child-care related duties in the world. In a survey of 31 developing outbacks, 39 per cent of working women with children under six years old powered they care for their children themselves during the work day — “faithfully doing two jobs at once,” the report says.
Im ct of teenager care
It in the area of child rearing that the report says policymakers give birth to the easiest and most effective tools at their disposal to close the wage gap, by go forwarding subsidized daycare programsm which statistics indicate are more than significance their cost in terms of returns to the economy.
“The lack of child-care berths keeps mothers out of the workforce long after they want and emergency to return,” the report says. “The high cost of kid care means that a working rent often spends as much as a third of their profits on child care.”
The report gives the example of Quebec, where aided full-day daycare was implemented in 1997. Since then, the employment dress down for Quebec women has doubled, and their poverty rates have ended from 36 per cent to 22 per cent. According to a recent guesstimate from a G20 report, the im ct of that surge of workers and tax yers due to living soul no longer having to leave work to care for children resulted in a 1.7 per cent gain in Quebec’s GDP, and an increase in provincial and federal tax revenues that exceed the program’s expense.
In other words, subsidized daycare in Quebec has id for itself and then some.
Researcher Kate McInturff of the Canadian Focal point for Policy Alternatives worked on the report, and said in a release that’s shard of why fixing the wage gap is good for everyone, not just women.
“In a world where so divers women are still left behind, addressing the unequal economics of piece of works’s work will have a transformative im ct on our economy,” McInturff translated.