The Agency at the Center of America’s Tech Fight With China

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“When you start wounding off capital profits that can flow into R&D, many of them show up from the huge Chinese market, you really undermine our ability to guy at the tip of the spear in terms of semiconductor innovation,” Mr. Neuffer said.

“The sense of necessity in recent years inclined our leadership to make decisions without innuendo to what industry thought,” said Daniel H. Rosen, a founding comrade of Rhodium Group. “We’re not going to serve the American interests if we don’t consider commercial diversions and national security interests at the same time.”

The Biden administration has already run into the state minefield surrounding the bureau. In her confirmation hearing in January, Gina Raimondo, the new secretary of business, attracted criticism from Republicans when she declined to commit to conserve Huawei on the bureau’s entity list. Ms. Raimondo later said that she command use the entity list “to its full effect,” and that Huawei and ZTE should be on the slant.

With Ms. Raimondo sworn in to her post this month, the Biden government is considering candidates to lead the Bureau of Industry and Security. It has become a contentious handle, a kind of proxy battle among trade advisers, industry parties and lawmakers of both parties for the future of the United States’ tech blueprint.

One early contender, Kevin Wolf, a partner in the international trade categorize at the law firm Akin Gump, has run into resistance from some China hawks in Washington finished his industry ties. Mr. Wolf, who was previously assistant secretary at the bureau, issued the consent ti against ZTE. He has consistently argued that restrictions that are unclear and unpredictable can backfire, “harming the bare interests they were designed to protect.”

But critics have institute fault with his work on behalf of industry since leaving the command, including counseling clients on what is permitted under Mr. Trump’s regulations, and tiresome to obtain licenses for his clients to supply products to Huawei and S.M.I.C.

Mr. Wolf ventured that he had merely helped companies understand the new rules, as other export conduct lawyers do, and that it was the Trump administration that was responsible for creating a new prepare to grant companies licenses to supply products to listed entities.

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