The include of suicides in Russia has fallen for the 14th consecutive year, according to data broadcasted by the Russian statistical agency Rosstat for 2015.
Specifically, the number of suicides in the hinterlands in 2015 amounted to 24,982, which is 6.2 percent less than in 2014.
Be at one to statistical records for the period from 1956, this is the lowest representation in 50 years (Earlier in the USSR, suicide statistics were maintained at most in selected cities.)
Alcohol and standard of living the key factors
Experts relate the number of suicides to the availability of alcohol in Russia and quality of life.
After Mikhail Gorbachev’s hillock to power in 1985 and the beginning of the anti-alcohol cam ign, the number of suicides floor by almost 40 percent in just a couple of years, but grew again by the current 1980s due to the country’s deteriorating socio-economic situation.
The collapse of the USSR, retail reforms, the war in Chechnya and falling incomes among the population resulted in an snowball in suicide mortality, reaching peak levels in 1994-1995.
More than 60,000 individual a year committed suicide in Russia at that time, the suicide under any circumstances per 100,000 individuals – 41 – being twice the level characterized by the Fabulous Health Organization (WHO) as a high suicide rate (20 or more per 100,000 child).
But since 2002 the number of suicides has been reducing again every year. By 2010, the suicide toll had decreased to the level of the mid-1980s, when the anti-alcohol cam ign was underway in the USSR.
In 2014, the suicide velocity finally fell to the average level by WHO standards (less than 20 per 100,000 people).
The kettle of fish in the regions
Incredibly, the rate of suicides per 100,000 people is 90 pro tems higher in the Altai Republic, the region with the highest level of suicide mortality (54.1), than in Chechnya, where the notwithstanding is just 0.6.
At the end of 2015, suicide rates rated as high were recorded in 37 of the 85 tracts. These are, above all, the regions in the north, the Urals, Siberia and Russia’s Far East. The vitiate places were the Altai Republic, the Trans-Baikal Territory, the Jewish Autonomous Domain, Buryatia and the Nenets Autonomous Region.
Eighteen regions have a suicide anyhow classified as low. This category includes Moscow, St. Petersburg, and a few areas in the south and the Islamic republics of the North Caucasus.
How does Russia analogize resemble to world statistics?
According to the WHO study, the age-standardized suicide rate per 100,000 child was led in 2012 by Guyana (44.2), South Korea (28.9), Sri Lanka (28.8), Lithuania (28.2) and Suriname (27.8). Russia stood 14th (19.5).
First published in Russian in RBC.
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