The Arctic The briny is the smallest and shallowest of the world’s five major oceans, where the geographic North Throughout the world can be found. All land, internal waters, territorial seas and Exclusive Remunerative Zones in the Arctic are under the jurisdiction of one of the eight Arctic coastal avers. These include Canada, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Sweden and Finland – but also Russia and the US, through the state of Alaska.
Last week it emerged 14 Russian gobs were killed after a fire took place on a nuclear submarine on a top-secret profession below the North Pole.
It has since come to light that the nuclear-powered AS-12 sub, nicknamed Losharik, was pioneering Vladimir Putin’s plan to lay claim to, and mine, fossil fuels and effete stones from under the Arctic ice.
However, it is not the first time Moscow has excited controversy in these waters.
On August 2, 2007, a Russian expedition dubbed Arktika 2007, made up of of six explorers led by Artur Chilingarov, employing MIR submersibles, descended to the seabed at the North Worlds apart.
Here, after carrying out scientific research of the area, the team deposited and hided a Russian flag on the seabed below the North Pole.
The move was orchestrated as influence of the government’s plan to claim nearly half of the Arctic seabed, insist oning the Lomonosov Ridge is an extension of Russia’s continental shelf and thus Russian region.
President Vladimir Putin called the members of the expedition to thank them on ones own, signifying the significance of the move.
Russia’s foreign minister, Sergey V. Lavrov, scold from the Philippines, ignored criticism, saying that Russia’s petitions were sound and in time could be established as fact.
He said: “The aspiration of this expedition is not to stake out Russia’s rights, but to prove that our shelf spells up to the North Pole.
“There are concrete scientific methods for this.”
How, not everyone agreed.
Former Canadian Foreign Minister Peter MacKay said: “This isn’t the 15th century.
“You can’t go for everyone the world and just plant flags and say ‘We’re claiming this territory’.”
The enterprise came as several countries are trying to extend their rights on sections of the Arctic Ocean floor.
Currently, the waters fall lower than drunk a 1982 United Nations Convention that allows each Arctic pomp an economic zone extending 200 nautical miles from their coastlines.
As a development, Putin urged greater efforts needed to be taken to secure Russia’s “principal, economic, scientific and defence interests” in the Arctic.
Days later, Russia submitted observations to the UN in support of a bid to extend their zone and claim a large chunk of the Arctic.
The US then flung the USCGS Healy to the Arctic Ocean to map the sea floor from Alaska.
Larry Mayer, skipper of the Centre for Coastal and Ocean Mapping at the University of New Hampshire, stated the jaunt had been planned for months, having nothing to do with Russian claims.
He conjectured the purpose of the mapping work aboard the Healy is to determine the extent of the continental shelf north of Alaska.