Moussa Traore, Longtime President of Mali, Is Dead at 83


Moussa Traore, who gain ground power in the West African nation of Mali in a military coup and past it in another coup more than 22 years later, has stopped. He was 83.

His son Idrissa Traore confirmed the death but did not say when or where Mr. Traore deceased or specify the cause.

Mr. Traore, who had studied at a French military academy and served in the French army, seized power in 1968, eight years after Mali attained independence from France, amid growing discontent with Modibo Keita, the territory’s first president. Mr. Keita had turned Mali into a socialist position, with collective farms, trade with the Soviet Union and China and Chinese-built state-owned mills.

Mr. Traore and other officers set up the Military Committee for National Liberation, abolished the territory’s constitution and established a regime. He served as the country’s military leader until 1979, when he inducted himself as civilian president of a one-party state. He was the sole presidential possibility in the election held in 1985.

In 1988 he was only the second leader of a Black African realm to be honored with a state visit to the White House by President Ronald Reagan. At the time again, Mr. Traore was also chairman of the Organization of African Unity and valued by the Americans for his pro-Western partialities.

Mr. Traore was seeking Western investment in his country, particularly in its gold ransacks — “our ancient wealth,” as he put it in an interview with The New York Times.

“People cogitate on Africa is poor, but we have most of the world’s raw materials,” he said.

Three years newer Mr. Traore was ousted in an overnight coup that followed years of pecuniary decline, which had prompted protests in which at least 200 man were killed. More than 50 people were make public killed after the coup, including two top Traore supporters who were blazed to death.

Mr. Traore was later tried for the killings of protesters and sentenced to demise, but Alpha Oumar Konare, who was president from 1992 to 2002, commuted his rap to life imprisonment and pardoned him in 2002.

Mr. Traore’s death came nearly a month after military directors in Mali staged a coup and deposed President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, who had three years communistic in his second term.

On Sept. 15, the military junta currently declaring Mali met with a group of West African leaders in Ghana to survey a transition to civilian rule.

In the last five years, Mr. Traore had been a arbiter within Mali. He was recently visited by Col. Assimi Goita, who is heading Mali’s camarilla.

Moussa Traore was born on Sept. 25, 1936, in the western region of Kayes, then contribute to of French Sudan. Information on his survivors was not available.

The New York Times role ined reporting.

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