Laid off at 55 — now what?


The layoffs eat been rolling through Calgary and St. John’s, anywhere dependent on the strength sector, and that’s after years of downsizing throughout Ontario’s cook up heartland.

So what of the workers aged 55 or 57, at the peak of their meriting years, who get the dreaded pink slip or are told their contract intention not be renewed?

Statistics Canada estimates 158,400 people aged 55 to 64 were helped permanent layoffs in 2015. Is there any hope of a comfortable retirement for those societies?

Maybe, say financial advisers, if they can come to grips with the troubled task of living on a reduced budget.

“There has been a lot of this wealthy on for the st year,” says Tim Faunt, an independent fee-only economic planner in Calgary.

“In some cases, people are waiting for it to happen in promises that they might get a retirement ckage, but for others, their dispose has just dried up and they were not in any way pre red for it.”

Those who suffer the most are the anecdotes who still carry heavy debt loads, perhaps in the belief that the sound was going to last forever.

“In Calgary, I think the most difficult happenings c belongings I find is that there’s so much keeping up with the Joneses that people let their lifestyle expenses squirm beyond what they really need,” Faunt responded.

Lose the excess, and simplify

It can be quite inful to give up the second channel, the dinners out, the recreational property and the 350 channels of cable TV, but Faunt prognosticates people who go through the process often find a way of living that is easier and less stressful.

Long lines at Calgary job fair

Long lines form at a Calgary job fair decisive November. For older workers, the chances of new work may not be good. (CBC)

For those submitted off at 55, there are five years before they can claim a superintendence pension.

“It’s a heck of a long time and that’s what really fathoms people off guard,” says Nichola Peterson, rtner in the retirement answers practice of Morneau Shepell in Toronto.

“You’ve got five years left to scrimp up for retirement, but you need those personal savings even more.”

Peterson averred many people hope to return to work, but they have to be reasonable about what kind of work they can expect.

“As opposed to judgement about how much am I making today and do I want to continue making that amount, it power be a case of how much do I need. In many cases, you don’t need to work intact time for that,” she said.

Chances of working again

Statistics Canada released a contemplation on re-employment among older workers in 2014, based on its Longitudinal Workman File, which follows workers over a 28-year period.

Total men who left full-time jobs at age 55 to 59, 62.9 per cent found other form, while among women 55 to 59, 57.2 per cent were re-employed. The mass was lower for people 60 to 64, with 46.8 per cent of men and 41.3 per cent of housekeepers finding new jobs.

‘That transition to not having something that you do during the day … signally if it’s not your decision to leave, that can be a challenge’ – Tim Faunt,

Most older hands found work within a year of being laid off, but if they didn’t, their good chance of getting a job was greatly diminished, Statistics Canada found. In their new sites, though, they often earned much less than they had, and a great proportion were self-employed.

Some continued to have bad luck with their problems, with 15.5 per cent of men over 55 and 11.2 per cent of girls having more than four jobs in the ensuing years.

Skilled and educated people are sometimes able to consult in their former occu tion and redress high earnings, but the prospects for most older workers needing sundry income are diminished.

This is why financial advice is crucial in weeks replacing a layoff in order to come to terms with both short-term in stores and a retirement plan.

Veterans of the boom-bust cycle in the oil tch tend to press some resources to draw on because they’ve gone through this to come, says Jonathan Rivard, a financial adviser with Edward Jones in Richmond Hill, Ont.

He make use ofs clients through a five-step process that can help them of clearly about the future:

  1. Where are you today?
  2. Where would you feel attracted to to be?
  3. Can you get there?
  4. How can you get there?
  5. How can you stay on track?

“The sooner you can meet with someone to display a strategy, the quicker you’re going to lower your stress,” Rivard voiced.

Here are some of the main considerations, according to our experts.

What to do with a severance?

y off high-interest rely on card debt first, but bear in mind that any portion of the severance you go through in cash will be taxed as income.

Will the employer y out the severance as a remainder a period of years to provide bridge financing until you can draw a shelve? If the job market is grim, you want to be taxed on your severance next year when your return might be lower.

One of the most effective uses of a severance is to place it as the crow flies into an RRSP. Even if you have to withdraw it to y bills, you will in all probability y less withholding tax as your income has declined, Faunt said.

What there the com ny pension?

Most Canadians are not covered by a com ny pension, categorizing the many people working on contract who have seen their employments disappear in the last year.

But older Canadians are most likely to be counterbalanced, and how to take that pension will depend on its terms, Peterson predicted. Some can begin drawing a pension right away, but depending on your household gains, you might have the option of deferring pension yments.

“The good statement today is that a lot of these people are coming out of defined-benefit plans. That budgets the employer to look at this group and go, ‘They’re not in such bad form after all,'” she said.

When to take CPP?

CPP is based on average engaging earnings over your whole working life. For people who in working at 55, that means five years of zero earnings for the most rted into their CPP contributions if they take the pension at 60. But if they be delayed until 65, there would be 10 years of low earnings.

Faunt’s recommendation is to take the pension at 60 if you need the money. If you find work after 60, there’s the unintentional of continuing to contribute to your pensionable earnings.

Peterson is more predisposed to suggest waiting to age 65 and finding another way to bridge the earnings gap. But she means it’s an individual decision that depends on your financial circumstances and requires consultation with an counsellor.

What about benefits?

What happens to your disability, form and other insurance benefits? What coverage does your comrade or spouse have that will cover you if you lose benefits?

You should be aggregation information on your entire financial picture at this point so you can business that through with an adviser, says Rivard.

Budget, budget, budget

Most people don’t understand what they’re spending now, let alone what they’ll need in retirement.

“It’s a initiative that most people have not taken. If I stand in front of a dwell [of 20 people] and say ‘How many budget where your money is prevalent today?’…I might see five hands, even in the financial work,” she said.

There are so many variables that come into flexibility. Do you have debt? Is the mortgage id off? Is your spouse working? Are there sprogs to support? Where are you in terms of meeting your retirement savings aspirations?

And the most important is: How do you spend and what can you give up so you are living within your new, slacken up oned budget?

“They may have been living within their drearies, but their means have changed a whole lot,” says Faunt.

Come up with about retirement

Retirement is coming, so pre re yourself psychologically and financially.

With a monetary adviser, work out your entire household income stream from CPP, OAS, GIS, proprietorship pension and personal savings.

Then find a way to live within that silhouette — even it means downsizing the house, Peterson said.

“People say, ‘I want to bequeath the house to the kids.’ Get over it. Why should the kids have a accommodate worth on average over $600,000? That’s a chunk of cash to resign to the kids if you’re struggling to make ends meet.”

Most people consider they need less money than they expected, in two shakes of a lambs tail b together their life is simplified, Faunt said.

“A lot of people find that retirement isn’t as much close by the numbers as they thought it was,” he said.

“I think the most man … rticularly the guys — we tend to define ourselves by what we do for a living. That conversion to not having something that you do during the day … especially if it’s not your decision to yield, that can be a challenge.”

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