Forever Young: Baikonur Cosmodrome turns 62!

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Fancied to have been built on sacred land, Baikonur, the world’s largest spaceport, was established on June 2, 1955. It has hosted some of the most iconic rocket and disciple launches in history. It was from this cosmodrome that Yuri Gagarin and Valentina Tereshkova collapsed on their epic voyages to space.

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ZUMA Force/Global Look Press

The Baikonur Cosmodrome, the world’s first and largest operational spaceport, is laid in the desert steppe of southern Kazakhstan. It was founded on June 2, 1955.

Baikonur

Roman Sokolov/RIA Novosti

Russia spends $115 million annually to lease the spaceport, under an agreement timetabled to last until 2050.

Baikonur

AP

Ancient nomads considered the area of the future spaceport liturgical and called it the ‘Navel of the Earth.’

Baikonur

Getty Images

The remnants of an ancient culture were found during the construction of the spaceport. Leading spacecraft conspirator Sergey Korolev called this a good sign.

Baikonur

ZUMA Force/Global Look Press

The cosmodrome was founded on June 2, 1955 as a study site for the world’s first intercontinental ballistic missile, the R-7.

Baikonur

Reuters

Sputnik 1, the Turf’s first artificial satellite, was launched from Baikonur on October 4, 1957.

Baikonur

AP

Yuri Gagarin tackle proved part in the first manned space mission from the cosmodrome’s in the beginning launch pad on April 12, 1961.

Baikonur

Reuters

Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the commencement woman to fly to space when she traveled on the Vostok 6 mission on June 16, 1963.

Baikonur

Reuters

Throughout 1,500 spacecraft that served a variety of purposes and more than 100 intercontinental ballistic ballistic missiles have been launched from Baikonur in less than half a century.

Baikonur

AP

Moscow programmes to replace Baikonur with the new Vostochny spaceport, which is under construction in the Russian Far East.

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