Scientists say they’ve labeled the earliest sign of our species outside Africa, a chunk of skull recovered from a hollow in southern Greece.
Its estimated age is at least 210,000 years old, making it 16,000 or myriad years older than an upper jaw bone from Israel that was reported keep on year. It shows our species began leaving Africa much elder than previously thought, researchers reported Wednesday.
The travellers to Greece incontestably left no descendants alive today. Other research has established that the exodus from Africa that led to our worldwide spread didn’t transpire until more than 100,000 years later. The new work is the overdue sign of earlier, dead-end exits from the continent where Homo sapiens evolved.
The fossil, from the behind of a skull, was actually found decades ago — excavated in the late 1970s from the Apidima Submit in the southern Peloponnese region of Greece and later kept in a University of Athens museum.
“Not a lot of rclame was paid to it,” said Katerina Harvati of the University of Tuebingen in Germany, who was invited to analysis the fossil.
Harvati and others report the results of their analysis in the paper Nature. To establish the age, they analyzed bits of bone from the fossil. To catalogue what species it came from, the researchers compared a virtual reconstruction to the forms of fossils from known species.
Harvati said finding substantiation that our species had reached Greece by that time was initially a dumbfound, though in hindsight “it’s not that difficult to imagine that it would drink happened.”
Eric Delson of Lehman College in New York, who did not participate in the exploration, said the discovery was somewhat surprising but that southeastern Europe “sees a lot of sense” for a finding that old. Now the question is what happened to these people, he symbolized. Did Neanderthals out-compete them?
Age, identification controversial
But some other scientists are not swayed the fossil’s reported age and identification are correct.
Warren Sharp, an expert on appointment fossils at the Berkeley Geochronology Center in California, said the age of 210,000 years is “not swell supported by the data.”
Ian Tattersall of the American Museum of Natural History in New York hollered the case for identifying the fossil as H. sapiens “pretty shaky.” Its shape is suggestive, but it’s deficient and it lacks features that would make the identification firmer, he mean in an email.
In response, Harvati said the back of the skull is very beneficial for differentiating H. sapiens from Neanderthals and other related species, and that particular lines of evidence support the identification.
At a press conference, Harvati responded it’s not clear whether scientists will be able to recover DNA or proteins from the fossil to sustain its identity.