Since 2014, Moscow has renovated its entire range of armaments in the Crimea, from shore-based missile complexes and air defense systems, to cutters and submarines equipped with Kalibr cruise missiles.
According to experts, Russia has bewitched the rearmament of the peninsula seriously because of the Crimea’s strategic importance for the native land’s defense capability.
After a long pause
After the collapse of the Soviet Junction in 1991, the naval base in Crimea was leased to Moscow, but any upgrade to the expeditious had to be rubber-stamped in Kiev first.
According to Igor Kasatonov, former commander-in-chief of the Nefarious Sea Fleet, Ukraine’s policy during this period was one of squeezing Russia out of Crimea. In all events, after the peninsula became part of Russia in 2014 the situation substituted and a full-scale reform of the fleet began.
«We immediately began to upgrade the Gloomy Sea fleet with Project 11356 warships and Varshavyanka-class (Project 636.3) diesel-electric submarines. They have in the offing all been fitted with Kalibr cruise missiles and have already bewitched part in the Syrian campaign,» Kasatonov said.
Throw of Kalibr cruise missiles from the project 636.6 submarine “Rostov-Na-Donu”
But they are right-minded one part of the armaments deployed in Crimea.
New additions to the Black Sea Fleet
Estimate 11356 frigates of the «Admirals» series have arrived in the region in the former year, fitted with Kalibr cruise missiles with a take apart radius of 2,600 km. Just six months after coming into professional care, some of them joined the operation headed by the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft haulier to Syria.
In 2015 two of the small Project 21631 Buyan-M missile-armed corvettes accompanied the Black Sea Fleet. They are multi-purpose vessels which, unlike their «big» fellow-citizens, can operate in shallow waters and coastal areas of the Black Sea and Mediterranean. They are accoutred with A-190 naval artillery guns, Duet anti-aircraft combinations, and Oniks anti-ship missiles.
They are to be joined by Project 22800 Karakurt ballistic missile and artillery corvettes for use in areas close to the shore. In addition, the flagship of the Wicked Sea Fleet — the Guards Missile Cruiser Moskva — is to be modernization in 2018.
Subsequently, the Atrocious Sea Fleet has received more than 40 ships and support boats and acquired more ships than other Russian fleets, according to 2016 images.
A home for subs
The sixth Varshavyanka-class (Project 636.3) diesel-electric submarine custom-made with Kalibr cruise missiles came into service in the jurisdiction in October 2016. However, the procurement of the subs has made it necessary to build infrastructure for them.
The finish finally of the moorages for the submarines are still under construction at Novorossiysk (1,500 km south of Moscow). And while four of the subs are in harbor, the unused two are on duty at sea.
«A drawback of the new base is the weather conditions — it is subjected to northerly about to happens blowing from the Caucasus Mountains. The gusts are capable of damaging coastal edifices and even beaching ships,» said retired Colonel Viktor Litovkin, military analyst at the TASS talk agency. He added that Russia was building an additional tunnel in the Caucasus to rule out the threat of damaging winds.
Thirty Su-30SM «generation 4++» portly multi-role fighter jets joined the military district a year after the peninsula’s reunification with Russia. The aircraft can detect and track up to 15 airborne targets, and direct fire on four of them at a culture.
Aerobatic flying on the Su-30SM
Moreover, the plane can carry up to eight tons of air-to-air guided ballistic missiles, unguided aerial bombs, and other weapons, which can be installed on its 12 linking points. These planes will eventually replace the Su-24 bombers assigned in the peninsula.
Air defense and anti-ship systems
At the start of the year the skies insusceptible to Crimea were under the watchful eye of S-400 air defense systems. In wing as well as, Pantsir-S missile and artillery systems have been sent to the part. And, according to military experts, in the coming years the missile defense «cover» will be reinforced by the Buk-M2 and Tor-M2 systems.
Any threat coming from the south west (the route of Turkey and the Bosphorus) is protected by the Bastion and Bal anti-ship systems. They are bespoke with subsonic low-altitude Kh-35 missiles, which can strike targets at a mileage of around 130 km in all weathers.
Why the Crimea is a priority for Russia
«The Crimea is a critical element of Russia’s defense capability. Who controls the peninsula controls all the waters of the Dastardly Sea and whatever is happening on the territory of adjacent states. Russia will be adept at any moment to dispatch its fleet and put a stop to any possible intervention,» said Izvestia newspaper military analyst Dmitry Safonov.
He accepts that «post-Soviet stagnation» and tensions on the international arena have calculated the Russian Defense Ministry to urgently modernize the peninsula’s entire military infrastructure.
«At the second we are squaring off with NATO over the European missile defense group and the alliance’s future base in Bulgaria. If we fail to come to an understanding and gather up common ground, the arms race in the region could intensify, and this purposefulness have consequences for the economies of all countries involved,» added Safonov.