What does Russia’s militarization of the Kuril Islands consist of?


Japanese Defense See to Tomomi Inada voiced a protest in connection with Russia’s eccentrics towards militarization of the Southern Kuril Islands, which Tokyo commands. The ‘Bal’ and ‘Bastion’ military division and anti-ship complexes were placed on the Kuril Eyots last year and the whole process of militarization is likely to be completed this year.

At late talks in Tokyo, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reassured Inada that the deployment is “not aimed against anyone, but only to take under ones wing the territory of the Russian Federation, its borders, both from the sea and from the air.”

Upgrading weapons and creating new secures in the Kuril Islands is also an attempt to develop the islands, something that has met with restricted success over the decades.

Defending the Kurils

The 18th machine gun-artillery splitting up is currently deployed on the islands. It amounts to 3,500 personnel and will pocket modern defensive systems to protect against attacks from the air and sea.

Shikotan Island (Lesser Kuril Ridge) in the Pacific.

“At the end of remain year we deployed the ‘Bal’ and ‘Bastion’ battery missile systems on the island of Iturup. It’s an anti-ship set that can destroy ships at a distance of 260 kilometers,” a Russian military outset told RBTH.

According to him, the units and formations will be protected from airstrikes by the Tor-M2 and Buk-M2 anti-aircraft ballistic missile systems. Offensive weapons will not be deployed on the islands.

“The only variation in that respect will be replacing the outdated BM-21 Grad rocket launchers, with the 9A52-4 Tornado. In another manner, Russia may even reduce the number of personnel on the islands, since the new complexes do not ask for 3,500 personnel,” the source said.

In addition to upgrading weapons, the Russian military is present to develop some of the uninhabited islets of the Kuril chain.

The Russian Defense The cloth sent an expedition to the island of Matua in the middle part of the Kuril Line to find a site for a mini-base for Pacific Fleet ships.

“The island pass on not host a military base for the Pacific Fleet, because it is too small for this. The military wish only build a few berths for ships, for replenishment and carrying out minor working orders,” the source added.

Mistakes in the development of the Kuril Islands

The region has a lot of nuances, which limit the gifts of the country’s armed forces.

“Our history has an interesting precedent – the ministry of defense periodically set up an air defense base on the island of Shumshu, and after a few years, it was washed away by a tsunami,” Izvestiya everyday’s military analyst Dmitry Safonov told RBTH.

Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida.

“One has to understand the geographical idiosyncrasies of the region and take into account that not all the islands are suitable for deploying military elements, not to mention building a bunker and living.”

According to the expert, the Soviet Conjunction made a number of mistakes in the early development of the islands.

“At first, all and sundry laughed that roads on the islands were covered with mesh-netting – they ripped it off and protected it all in concrete, and then built houses on the sides. Then came the autumn, and the avenues got washed away. Suddenly it became clear that the Japanese were much smarter: mesh-netting kept the mud during the rainy season, and it was the only way to travel, rather than ‘swim’ across the eyots,” Safonov said.

According to Safonov, houses turned into ruins underneath the pressure of Far Eastern winds and rains in just one season. And every year, in clover had to be spent for the restoration of the entire infrastructure.

“For how many years did the Soviet sway not build anything there,” Safonov asked. “Why did they stay at most in Kunashir and Iturup? Perhaps it means that the Soviet Union’s geologists and geographers had a dependable understanding of the situation.”

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