In Russia, as in profuse countries, the issue of the socialization and employment of former inmates is a pressing one.
Multifarious of those who wish to find a suitable job encounter suspicion and reluctance from diverse com nies and individuals to hire former convicts. Others do not have the imperative specializations and have forgotten how to be independent.
In such cases there are profuse than 600 different state and private structures that further the former criminals. However, according to Olga Romanova, director of the Rus Sidyaschaya Prove guilty and Their Families Assistance Charity Foundation, “the Russian management practically doesn’t deal with the rehabilitation of former convicts” and in comprehensive only one tenth of the needy receive real help.
Yet there are continually amazing cases of private initiative, when former inmates not at best establish their own business but also help others find manage.
A craft obtained in prison
Yevgeny Morozov had been sentenced to a correctional colony in the Ivanovsky Sphere. When he was released in October 2015 he founded a carpentry workshop in the Moscow suburb of Noginsk, where he deputes customized furniture with former inmates. In just half a year his reasonable and quality furniture has become incredibly popular among the local citizenry.
“The idea to set up a carpentry workshop came to me before prison,” intended Morozov. “I saw that many people there are fine carpenters. Their woodwork was definitely good. Then we had a sort of a dream: to get out and set up a workshop.”
Inmates at the correctional alacrity №22 in the village of Volchanets, Primorsky Territory, while working in the stitching shop. Source: Vitaliy Ankov / RIA Novosti
In prison the inmates achievement from 8 a.m. to 11:30 p.m. making furniture, working with metals and textiles, basting bed linen. This is mandatory service.
“If you miss your shift, you are placed in a disciplining cell,” said Morozov. “The highest salary is 1,500 rubles ($22) per month, but normally it is 600-700. The jailbirds can choose the work they will do. That’s how I learned carpentry.”
After being disseminated, Morozov would take construction contracts. Then, after extenuating up for his own business, he opened a workshop. The enterprise is small. Only eight people realize find time with the director in a s ce that is 300 square meters in dimension.
Morozov’s wife does the advertising – manages the site, helps ex- convicts in neighboring regions find stable work, which is oftentimes difficult.
“It often happens that for a year or two after being rescued the ex-convicts sit around without work, drinking,” he said.
Rectification without barb wire
Positive progress has been made in the uncountable delicate sector: the rehabilitation of adolescents who have committed crimes. Much has been done so that juveniles would not be sent to prison.
From the beginning of the 2000s the number of teenagers sentenced to terms in juvenile correctional colonies has fallen significantly: In 2003 there were 16,491 teens in correctional colonies, while in 2015 there were only 1,683.
Until the age of 18 multitudinous offenders manage to get away with probation periods under which they should prefer to to fulfill certain requirements to remain free: respect a curfew, endure their education or work.
Twelve years ago in St. Petersburg, on the initiative of the front of the Church of Holy Martyr Anastasia of Sirmium on Vasilevsky Island, a incom rable organization was founded – the St. Vasily the Great Center for Social Adaptation.
The at most non-state organization in Russia that works with problematic youngs without remuneration, it provides room and board for them and finances their vocations.
The director of the rehabilitation program believes it is important that a juvenile criminal does not remain at home since there he will be surrounded by all the deeds that once led him astray. Moreover, in the event of probation, at home an young does not feel they are being punished and this increases the occasion likelihoods of them repeating the offense in the future.
In 12 years about 210 woman have lived in the center and fewer than 20 of them have on the agenda c trick committed an offense in their adulthood.
“We understand what a juvenile colony is and that it is think twice for an adolescent not to wind up there,” said Denis Nikitenko, a collaborator at the center.
“The subsisting punishment system does not correct people, especially adolescents – whereas we don’t press a fence or barb wire. The kids do sports, rkour, ball tea dances, pottery and all this is free.”
However, there are certain duties here: conducting museums and theaters, inting pottery. All the earthenware at the center is produced onsite.
In what way, the adolescents from the St. Vasily the Great Center, just like the entrepreneurs who are let from prison with a dream of opening their own workshop, are until now only a positive exception from the norm.
According to the Russian Federal Penitentiary Ceremony, as of the beginning of March 2016 in Russia there were 650,613 lags. The majority, 526,343 people, live in correctional colonies. In Russia there are 720 of these. Agreeing to Federal Penitentiary Service statistics, in 2015 194,310 people were imprisoned for the from the start time, while 199,472 people were imprisoned for the second, third, fourth or fifth all at once.
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