Protect yourself against a potential loss of income — Five minute guide

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Thoughtful mature man relaxing on bed in hospitalGETTY-STOCK

We should be modified to face the financial consequences of ill-health

Too many tell themselves the dignified will provide, only to be shocked to find out how little support it offers. 

The UK has a oversized protection gap as a result, estimated by insurer Swiss Re at a mind-boggling £2.4 trillion. 

Raise a moment to check whether you need to plug yours. 

COVER FOR Lifetime 

Life insurance pays out a tax-free lump sum if you die or are terminally ill and is bought by approximately one million people a year. 

Ian Sawyer, managing director at insurance brokers Assured Futures, says those with dependants and debts should set up life cover, also business owners. 

Term insurance is the trashiest and simplest type of cover that pays out if you die within a set period, say, 10, 15 or 25 years. 

It has no cash-in value and in the same breath you stop paying your premiums, cover ceases. 

Sawyer alleges you can choose between a flat lump sum, one that rises with inflation or one that wizens as you gradually pay off your mortgage. 

Term life cover is relatively tight, but premiums depend on factors such as age and state of health. 

Man in a hospital ward's bedGETTY-STOCK

Depreciatory illness cover pays a tax-free lump sum if you are diagnosed with a critical illness

A 45-year-old non-smoker in good health would pay from £12 a month for £100,000 wrap with insurers AIG or Vitality, according to figures from LifeSearch.co.uk, or amateurishly double if they smoked. 

Older people would pay more. 

You can buy via an assurance broker or direct from a reputable insurer. 

Sawyer adds: “Elasticity cover is getting cheaper as we live longer, so check what you influence pay.” 

SITUATION CRITICAL  

Critical illness cover pays a tax-free boil sum if you are diagnosed with a serious illness such as heart attack, mark or cancer.  

Nurse pushing a man on a wheelchair, smilingGETTY-STOCK

A 45-year-old non-smoker in good health would pay from £12 a month for £100,000 bedding

It does not cover conditions that are not life-threatening such as stress, a smashed leg or a bad back. 

Emma Thomson, head of customer care at brokers LifeSearch, voices policies vary and may cover anything from a few conditions to more than 100: “Vital illness cover is often combined with life insurance to pay out on whichever happens original.” 

A healthy 45-year-old non-smoker would pay around £80 a month with insurers Aegon and Zurich, reckoning life cover would increase the premium, but only slightly.

Smokers and older human being pay more. 

Thomson says most people buy through a broker to forge sure they get the right policy: “Some are sceptical about insurers, but typically they pay out on diverse than 90 per cent of critical illness claims.”  

Mature man sitting on bed in hospital wardGETTY-STOCK

Proceeds protection is particularly important for the self-employed

GET SOME PROTECTION 

Income security pays a replacement monthly income if you are unable to work due to ill-health, and is exceptionally important for the self-employed. 

It should not be confused with payment protection assurance (PPI), a vastly inferior product that sparked a huge mis-selling damage. 

Tom Conner, director at brokers Drewberry Insurance, says: “Income refuge pays a tax-free monthly income that will continue until you either proffer to work or reach a set retirement age.” 

A healthy 45-year-old would pay around £35 a month for a action paying £1,000 a month to age 67 through insurers Exeter and Power, with a six-month qualifying period on claims.  

Person signing a contractGETTY

Term lifeblood cover is relatively cheap, but premiums depend on factors such as age and state of healt

Conner translates income protection is arguably the most important of all for those in work: “Unequivalent to critical illness cover, it insures against common reasons for workplace non-appearance such as depression and back pain.” 

Look for a policy that even the scores out if you cannot continue in your “own occupation”, rather than “any occupation”, and weigh taking expert advice, Conner adds. 

If you have retired, cleared your in arrears and have no financial dependants, you may no longer need protection. 

Otherwise, you exceedingly do need to mind the gap.

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