Prostate cancer symptoms: What YOU can expect from a rectal examination

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Survival prices are highest when the disease is diagnosed in the early stages — and survival counts improve when when men are screened and tested early.

It is not uncommon for men to evade check ups — or to avoid discussions about their health.

There no state screening programme for prostate cancer.

There is also no single consummate test for prostate cancer and medics have to decide which examine is right for each patient.

Symptoms of the disease include needing to do number one more frequently, often during the night, needing to rush to the facilities, difficulty in starting to pee, straining or taking a long time while make watering or feeling that the bladder has not emptied fully.

Men who suspect they could be misery with symptoms of prostate cancer should visit their GP, who wish refer people for the right tests.

Guidelines by health watchdog Subtle state for patients with suspected prostate cancer, consider a ‘prostate‑explicit antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination to assess for prostate

cancer in men with any abase urinary tract symptoms, such as nocturia, urinary frequency, hesitancy, pressure or retention or erectile dysfunction.’

The most common way to diagnose abnormalities with the prostate gland is wholly a Prostate Specific Antigen, or PSA test.

PSA is a protein produced by the prostate and released into the blood branch in very small quantities.

More PSA is released when there is a stew with the prostate, and elevated levels can signal issues like prostatitis, expanded prostate or prostate cancer.

However the test is not routinely available on the NHS as there are discharges with the accuracy of results.

The next step for other patients is a rectal catechism, sometimes known as a DRE — a type of physical examination during which a doctor or angel of mercy inserts a finger into a patients’ rectum to feel for abnormalities.

While some individual find the process embarrassing, it really only takes a few minutes and isn’t as usual painful.

Prostate Cancer UK said: «The doctor or nurse will ask you to lie on your side on an test table, with your knees brought up towards your strongbox. They will slide a finger gently into your ruin passage. They’ll wear gloves and put some gel on their finger to contribute to it more comfortable.»

The GP might also press against the prostate gland to limit for any hard or lump areas which could indicate prostate cancer.

NHS Elections said: “Pressing on the prostate gland doesn’t hurt, but it may make you sensible of like urinating. If there’s an infection, the prostate may feel tender when it’s milled.”

Last month, experts agreed patients with suspected prostate cancer should be enduring an initial MRI scan to improve detection of the disease, which could depreciate the number of men having unnecessary biopsies.

A report, published in British medical paper The Lancet, estimates an MRI could help 27 per cent of men avoid an immoderate biopsy, during which a small sample of tissue is removed from the solidity for examination.

Adding an early MRI scan could also reduce the army of men who are diagnosed with a cancer that later proves harmless by 5 per cent, researchers institute.

The report was hailed by Angela Culhane, chief executive for Prostate Cancer UK, who homaged the findings as a ‘huge leap forward’ for the ‘notoriously imperfect’ diagnostic developments currently used.

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