It exhibits slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a minor use or sudden impact causes a bone fracture.
Losing bone is a routine part of the ageing process, but some people lose bone density much nearer than normal. This can lead to osteoporosis and an increased risk of breaks.
The condition affects over 3 million people in the UK and often has no symptoms.
The Citizen Osteoporosis Society said: “One in two women and one in five men over the age of 50 commitment break a bone as a result of osteoporosis.”
Arthritis Research UK said: “Anyone can get osteoporosis but ladies are about four times more likely than men to develop it.
“There are two pure reasons for this — the process of bone loss speeds up for several years after the menopause, when the ovaries peter out producing the female sex hormone oestrogen.
“Men generally reach a higher sincere of bone density before the process of bone loss begins.
“Bone negative cash flow death still occurs in men but it has to be more severe before osteoporosis occurs.”
There are five critical factors which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. These take in:
Long-term use of high-dose oral corticosteroids
The steroids are usually prescribed to therapy asthma and COPD, hayfever, hives and eczema, arthritis, tennis elbow and solidified shoulder and inflammatory bowel disease.
Inflammatory conditions, such as Crohn’s infection can also increase the risk of developing osteoporosis as can malabsorption problems, such as coeliac affliction.
A family history of the condition — can increase the likelihood of evolving osteoporosis.
This could include a parent having a hip fracture, for pattern. Experts argue osteoporosis does run in families because there are be bequeathed factors that affect bone development.
Women are at greater hazard of developing the condition if they have experienced an early menopause — in preference to the age of 45 — had a hysterectomy before the age of 45, or have stopped their eras for more than six months as a result of dieting or overexercising.
Drinking and smoking
Depressing drinking and smoking can lead to osteoporosis.
Arthritis Research UK said: “Tobacco is soon toxic to bones. In women it lowers the oestrogen levels and may cause ancient menopause.
“In men, smokers lowers testosterone activity and this can also diminish the bones.”
Drinking too much alcohol reduces the body’s ability to assertive bone.
If a person is not getting enough calcium or vitamin D, or is quite underweight, they are at greater risk of osteoporosis.
Experts have bask ined a test for osteoporosis can use a fingernail clipping to predict the risk of fractures and ruined bones.
The Osentia screening test assesses somebody’s risk of pain fragility fractures — a common sign of osteoporosis — and is now on sale from a anticyclone street pharmacy.
There is currently no national screening programme for osteoporosis.
Treatment for osteoporosis includes calcium and vitamin D, bisphosphonates, raloxifine and calcitonin.