From symptoms to treatments: All you need to know about cystitis

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It’s essentially women who get cystitis as women have shorter urethras

Every summer, one in three skirts find themselves battling with cystitis and about 150 million miss worldwide are affected by the condition at some point in their lives. It’s usually caused by bacteria getting into the bladder via the urethra (the tube that transports urine out of the body). 

As the urethra and bladder are normally microbe free, when bacteria are close they quickly become inflamed, causing the urinary tract infection (UTI), cystitis. Red untreated, cystitis can move up to the kidneys and cause serious illness.

The later type of cystitis is known as interstitial cystitis, an inflammation of the tissues for everyone the urethra and bladder, which causes chronic bladder irritation. It can be triggered after a engagement of bacterial cystitis, after enthusiastic sex (hence it traditionally being conscious as “honeymoon disease”), or as a symptom of the menopause. 

A new sexual relationship can also case cystitis when a woman comes into contact with new colonies of bacteria during intimacy. 

Although it can strike men, it’s mainly women who get cystitis as women have shorter urethras, so there’s a high-pitched risk of bacteria entering this area. 

The symptoms

Typically, needing to wee more day in and day out than usual is the first sign of the condition. As the infection progresses, it can contribute to to pain, burning, a general feeling of discomfort and not being able to no longer in much urine but constantly feeling the need to urinate.

Other traits include:

l Pain, burning or stinging when you wee.

l Feeling generally unwell, achy, insane and tired.

l Lower abdomen pain.

l Cloudy and/or strong-smelling urine.

l Disquiet just above the pubic bone. 

l Pain in the lower back. 

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Needing to wee more ordinarily than usual is the first sign of the condition

Treatments

There are a handful over-the-counter medications as well as the tried-and-tested remedy of drinking cranberry vitality. However, if symptoms don’t disappear after about five days, a false step to the GP for antibiotics may be in order.

Elderly people, children and those with reduced immune systems, such as people with diabetes, should also as a last resort see their GP as they have a higher risk of the infection spreading to the kidney, as fountain-head as other complications.

Help yourself with:

l Painkillers – for the discomfort. 

l Rot-gut plenty of water – to flush the bacteria through the system.

l Avoiding the bottle.

l Drinking cranberry juice – It’s believed that an active ingredient in cranberries checks bacteria from adhering to the bladder wall, but there’s conflicting testify as to whether the active ingredient can actually help prevent symptoms. 

l Refraining from sex while infected. See your GP when if:

l You’re not sure whether you have cystitis. 

l You have severe symptoms, such as blood in your urine, a fever or dolour in your side. 

l You’re pregnant and have symptoms of cystitis. 

Preventing reoccurence

Katherine Bellchambers-Wilson, medical herbalist Voids practitioner and treasurer of the National Institute of Medical Herbalists, advises ladies should take extra care if they are prone to bouts of the adapt. 

“Going for a pee directly after sex may not be romantic,” she advises, “but it can mean the difference between a weekend of peaceful intimacy and a visit to the doctor and the shivers.”

For women of any age, wiping from be opposite act for to back after going to the toilet is essential. Most UTIs are induced by E. coli, bacteria that lives quite happily and safely in the android gut but causes problems if it gets into the urethra.

Taking a woman-specific busy bacteria supplement (probiotic) containing lactobacillus reuteri helps prove the right intimate pH and keeps unhelpful bacterial strains at bay. 

For women customary through perimenopause and who are postmenopausal, a vaginal moisturiser or lubricant can help minimise irritation. A upshot such as Yes is pH balanced and helps keep things healthy. 

Natural supplements

D-Mannose is a fruitful supplement to prevent or treat E. coli UTIs. It prevents bacteria adhering to the bladder and urethra fences and multiplying. It’s derived from cranberry but, unlike the fruit, it doesn’t have in the offing the sugar content that can aggravate the symptoms. As it contains no sucrose, fructose or glucose, it’s myriad effective than cranberry juice. 

Buchu leaf is a herb commonly certainty for UTIs. It’s a small-leaved plant that grows in South Africa and aromas like blackcurrants. It’s naturally antiseptic and, taken as a tea, helps to kill off the bacteria making the infection.

Corn silk is the silky stuff from the top of a corn cob. Again, in use accustomed to as a tea, it soothes the soreness and helps kill off bacteria. 

Couch grass is another tissane traditionally settled for UTIs and bladder inflammation. It contains soap-like constituents that daily help “wash away” bacteria, at the same time supporting the kidneys. It also bears a gel-like substance that soothes the irritation of cystitis.

Other velocity to help yourself naturally

l By not using perfumed bubble bath, soap or talc around your genital extent. 

l Going to the toilet as soon as you feel the need to wee and always emptying your bladder fully. 

l Living well hydrated – drinking plenty of fluids may help to stop bacteria multiplying in your bladder.  

l Not put on tight jeans and trousers, especially when it’s hot as this creates a pleasant, moist area ideal for bacteria to fester. 

For more information, visitnhs.uk/equips/cystitis/pages/treatment.aspx.

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