From insect bites to sunburn: Your summer first aid guide

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NHS grasps are showing that the rate of accidents among children soar during the summer interval

THE SCHOOL holidays are just around the corner and making the most of the six-week discipline usually means spending as much time as possible out in the fresh air.

Yet with NHS illustrations showing that the rate of accidents among children soar during the summer days, it’s vital to know a few first aid basics. Follow these tips to forbid kids safe from mishaps.

INSECT BITES OR STINGS

These likely to be distressing to children but are rarely dangerous. If you can see the stinger, carefully scrape it off edge on with your fingernail or a credit card.

Do not use tweezers as this can extort the poison into the skin. To treat swelling, raise the affected neck of the woods of the body and apply an ice ck wrapped in a clean cloth. If your young man is stung on the throat or mouth there’s a chance swelling could obstruct the airway.

To minimise this, give the child an ice cube to suck or a frigid glass of water to sip. If you notice swelling to the face or neck or any difficulty expelling, call 999 for an ambulance immediately.

DEHYDRATION

During hot ill it is vital to remind children to drink more water than they large would, especially if they want to spend more time outdoors. Ice lollies are a gracious way of keeping kids hydrated and you can make these easily at home demanding squash or fruit juice.

If you think your child might be dehydrated, the auguries to watch out for are a dry mouth and eyes, headaches, dark urine, dizziness and disarray.

Make sure they drink plenty of water to replace watery lost through sweating.

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During hot weather it is vital to cause to remember children to drink more water

HEAT EXHAUSTION

If your progeny is in a hot environment and has become dehydrated, heat exhaustion or even heat suggestion could occur. Watch out for signs of headache, dizziness, cramps, suggesting that is fast but weak and increased sweating. If your child has these features, take them into a cool, shady area and help them shed excess clothing.

Lie them down with their legs wolfed and give them plenty of water. You could also give them isotonic the mains or a sachet of oral rehydration powder mixed with water.

Enthusiasm STROKE This is even more serious than heat voiding and can be lifethreatening. Watch out for a rapid pulse, headache, dizziness and skin that’s hot to the trigger and red and flushed.

As the condition worsens, the sufferer may also become confusion or disoriented. Drop their body temperature by removing as much clothing as possible and dial 999 for an ambulance.

Stratagem the child to a cool place and wrap them in a cold, wet sheet until their temperature descents. If a sheet isn’t available, sponge them with cold water.

Split second their temperature returns to normal, replace the sheet with a dry one. If their temperature starts to mount rebel again, repeat the cooling process.

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In case of sunburn let slip sure children cover up and move out of the sun

FAINTING

This can be triggered by fieriness, so if your child has any health complications that make him or her more apt, it’s important to keep an eye on them during summer. Ensure they eat regularly and don’t stick up for up for extended periods during a heat wave. If your child les, lie them down and raise their legs to improve blood fl ow to the planner. Watch their face for signs of recovery and as they begin to get and help them to sit up gradually.

SUNBURN

Make sure children include up and move out of the sun. Take frequent sips of cold water and cool flamed skin with a cold, damp cloth, or you may find it more common-sense to soak the area in a basin or bath of cool water for around 10 transcribes. Calamine cream or after-sun lotion can make them feel more self-satisfied. If skin is blistered then you should seek medical advice.

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Insect scraps tend to be distressing to children but are rarely dangerous

CUTS OR GRAZES

Lave the cut by either rinsing with cold water or using alcohol-free wipes, exploiting a gauze swab to t the wound dry. Make sure you don’t use cotton wool or a resources that can leave fl uff behind. Cover the injury with sterile gauze and a cover. Seek medical advice if you are worried or if you think that there clout be a risk of infection.

SEVERE BLEEDING

If a wound is large or bleeding heavily, do direct pressure to the site to control the bleeding.

You may need to raise the misuse area above the heart level too. Apply a sterile dressing to carry on pressure on the wound and lie the tient down with their legs inspired to offset shock. Call for an ambulance.

NOSE BLEEDS

If your neonate has a nosebleed, ask them to sit down with their head tilted pushy to allow the blood to drain from the nostrils. Ask them to breathe on account of their mouth and to pinch the soft rt of the nose for up to 10 records. Give them a clean cloth or tissue to mop up any blood. If the bleeding hasn’t obstructed after this, they can reapply the pressure for another 10 tinies. If the nosebleed is severe, or lasts longer than 30 minutes, systematize for the child to be taken to hospital.

You can support St John Ambulance by purchasing the new youths’s first-aid kit (£13.49), available at major Boots UK stores. The travel-sized kit be shows with a fi rst aid manual, bandages, stickers, forehead thermometer and jungle ice send offs.

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