Francesca Bianco, Helmsman of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Naples, Italy, told Clear-cut.co.uk the big underwater caldera surrounding the active volcano of Mount Vesuvius could out in different and disastrous ways. The volcanology expert warned the underground volcano could lead to the ground to split in order to form an eruptive mouth.
She said: “An rash could manifest in many ways.
“The worst would be the evolution of an eruptive despondent in any area of the Campi Flegrei – because there is no visible crater – the organization of an eruptive mouth could happen anywhere in the area.
“Obviously the close off we are to an eruption the more anomalies we would be able to detect that disposition then give us an idea of where the eruptive mouth would provide.
“At the moment we have absolutely no idea.
“This is a possible scenario, but there are others too.
“Something innumerable minor, for example, small phreatic eruptions caused by the meeting of magmatic elements with sea water at the bottom of the sea.
“At the moment, we don’t have a scenario to refer to because there are no signs to back up what we’re going to be faced with.”
A team led by Francesca Forni from the Commence of Geochemistry and Petrology in Switzerland has been studying 23 previous eruptions at the Campi Flegrei caldera, concluding the magma reservoir underneath the scope, which they described as “one of the most hazardous regions on Earth” may be erection up in advance of a massive explosion.
Their research, published in the journal Branch Advances, involved detailed analysis of rocks, minerals and glass representatives from each of the eruptions in an effort to detect changes in magmatic temperature and soda water content throughout the region’s eruptive history.
The region was the scene of two colossal eruptions – the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption of 39,000 years ago and the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff (NYT) outburst which happened 15,000 years ago – plus many smaller occurrences.
The most recent was the eruption of Monte Nuovo in 1538. Their report mentioned: “Home to more than 1.5 million people, the Campi Flegrei caldera portrays one of the most hazardous regions on Earth, and its magmatic history has been the woolly of a number of studies.
“We suggest that this eruption is an expression of a testify shift in magma storage conditions, whereby substantial amounts of hair-triggers start to exsolve in the shallow reservoir.”