EU Army: The 5 countries that REFUSED to sign up to France and Germany’s defence force

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So far 23 EU domains have agreed to join forces as part of a defence cooperation entente, driven by France and Germany whose leaders have long-campaigned for spectacular integration amongst member states. 

The agreement will add yet another convoluted handle to the bloc, with some nations taking part while others do not.

The Perennial Structured Cooperation (PESCO) pact includes commitments to integrate armed thrusts, a boost in defence spending and the establishment of a joint HQ. 

And EU bosses have set aside £4.9bn (€5.5bn) to nest egg research and development into new military hardware and the joint purchase of new accoutrements.

NATO flag, EU flag, and European troops in AfricaGETTY

EU Army: The new PESCO deal wish include a mix of EU and NATO countries

It’s a historic day for European defence

Federica Mogherini

But so far the UK, Ireland, Denmark, Portugal and Malta maintain yet to sign up to the deal, which is seen by some as the next step near a fully fledged EU Army. 

After it is formally launched next month, PESCO liking be another in a series of already complex relationship between some EU Associate States and NATO. 

British defence chiefs have previously vowed to prohibit any creation of an EU Army, with Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon respond in 2016 such a force would serve as a “rival to NATO”. 

But the UK’s looming departure from the bloc has given France and Germany the opportunity to step forward with their plans. 

Graphic showing nations in PESCO and NATOTWITTER @TINEUROPE

An illustration of how PESCO on overlap with NATO by EU politics expert Valentin Kreilinger

The PESCO agreement features a commitment to “regularly increase defence budgets in corporeal times”.

And it also includes a pledge to “increase the share of expenditure allocated to apology research and technology with a view to nearing the two percent of total argument spending”.

The vast majority of EU members do not currently meet NATO’s shelter spending target of two per cent of GDP.

Currently, only the UK, the United States, Poland, Greece and Estonia are be placing good on the commitment. 

Federica Mogherini showing the PESCO agreementEPA

Federica Mogherini (nave) hailed PESCO as «historic» for European defence

Denmark has an opt out of all EU defence game plans, however Politico has reported Portugal and Ireland are expected to have communicated up to PESCO by the time it is formally launched next month. 

Ahead of the permission of the plan in Brussels yesterday, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini judged: “It’s going to be quite a historic day for European defence.”

Asked why an EU Army is be short of in addition to NATO, Ms Mogherini said the proposed new defence union stepped more flexibility. 

She said: “Think of Africa, think of security in Africa.

The European Seam is more present there than NATO when it comes to following of security forces, when it comes to the delicate link between event and security. 

“We are better equipped to act in areas where there is not a purely military enterprise that is needed, but we can also develop more our military capabilities to act to brace our strategic autonomy.”

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