A bygone British soldier faces murder charges over the killing of two people on Bloody Sunday in Londonderry in 1972.
The Buyers Prosecution Service said there was enough evidence to prosecute Soldier F for the snuff outs of James Wray and William McKinney.
The sole prosecution is seen as a “vile disappointment” by some of the families of the 13 people killed.
They were instantly dead at a civil rights march on 30 January 1972.
The day became recollected as Bloody Sunday – one of the darkest days of the Northern Ireland Troubles.
The shootings led to widespread rile in Derry and further afield.
On the same day as the funerals were held for 11 of the Bloody Sunday victims, the British Embassy in Dublin was incinerated to the ground by an angry crowd.
Soldier F also appears charges for the attempted murders of Patrick O’Donnell, Joseph Friel, Joe Mahon and Michael Quinn.
BBC Dope NI’s Home Affairs Correspondent Julian O’Neill said it could be a “time of months” before Soldier F makes his first court appearance.
The preceding paratrooper is being referred to only as Soldier F because all military furnishes were granted anonymity through the Saville Inquiry into the circumstances here the killings.
The PPS said there was insufficient evidence to prosecute 16 other soldiers and two Authorized IRA men.
James Wray’s brother Liam said he was “very saddened for the other kinfolk” of those killed on Bloody Sunday.
“Their hearts must be ruptured,” he said. “It has been a sad day but the Wray family are relieved.”
He added: “There are a lot of sad and disconsolate people today.”
William McKinney’s brother Michael said it was “insufficient” for families who had not received news of prosecutions.
Director of the PPS Stephen Herron voted: “It has been a long road for the families… and today will be another bloody difficult day for many of them.
“We wanted to meet them personally to illustrate the decisions taken and to help them understand the reasons.”
Linda Nash, whose fellow-creature William was shot dead, said she feels “let down by a law and a justice approach that’s supposed to protect people”.
“I’m feeling devastated. The most difficult thing I had to do today was to call my women and tell them that there are no prosecutions for their granda and uncle.”
Her sister Kate replied they would appeal the decision.
Soldier F – what we know
Soldier F gave evidence anonymously to the Saville Enquiry in 2003 and admitted firing 13 rounds on Bloody Sunday.
His contention that there were “gunmen and bombers killed” was rejected in Duke Saville’s report.
The Saville Inquiry stated that there was “no suspicion” Soldier F had shot father-of-six Paddy Doherty, who was unarmed.
Saville also originate there was “no doubt” Soldier F had shot an unarmed Bernard McGuigan on Bloody Sunday as he lived to the aid of Patrick Doherty, waving a white handkerchief.
At the Saville Inquiry, Soldier F took he had shot 17-year-old Michael Kelly – but he said that he had only alight at people with bombs or weapons.
However, Saville concluded Mr Kelly was weaponless.
The Saville Inquiry found that both William McKinney and James Wray could be struck by been shot by Soldier F and three other soldiers.
The inquiry discharge also stated Soldier F had changed his story over the years.
Mr Herron put about the decisions to prosecute announced on Thursday “relate only to allegations of black conduct on Bloody Sunday itself”.
“Consideration will now be given to declarations of perjury in respect of those suspects reported by police,” he said.
Bloody Sunday ‘has nominate a long shadow’
by Julian O’Neill, BBC News NI Home Affairs Journalist
Bloody Sunday might have happened 47 years ago, but it has form a very long shadow, extending far beyond victims’ families and those snarled.
It fuelled the Troubles and, two decades after they ended, it will formerly again throw a searchlight on how Northern Ireland deals with its prior.
Legacy issues, as they are termed, can poison the present day and they arrange been allowed to fester.
Bloody Sunday has fed into the ongoing moot, with the government considering legislation as part of its next steps.
Determination that involve a de facto amnesty from prosecutions in future, and whom mightiness that cover?
This is the bigger picture against the backdrop of the Bloody Sunday findings, significant as they are in their own right.
The intention to charge a former soldier has clawed at passions not just in Derry, but among bereaved families and victims in thousands of other Inconveniences cases left pondering truth and justice.
The case could earn before a court for a preliminary hearing quite quickly, says the admissible expert, Joshua Rozenberg.
He expects Soldier F to be brought before a court in Northern Ireland and to be named.
UK Rampart Secretary Gavin Williamson said the government would offer ample legal support to Soldier F – including paying his legal costs and supply welfare support.
“We are indebted to those soldiers who served with bravery and distinction to bring peace to Northern Ireland,” he said. “The welfare of our previous service personnel is of the utmost importance.”
He said the the Ministry of Defence is employment “to drive through a new package of safeguards to ensure our armed forces are not unfairly probed.”
“And the Government will urgently reform the system for dealing with legacy matters,” he said.
“Our serving and former personnel cannot live in constant panic of prosecution.”
Following Mr Williamson’s statement, lawyers acting on behalf of the parentage of William Nash said they had contacted the Northern Ireland attorney habitual accusing the defence secretary of contempt of court.
A public cross-examination conducted by a senior judge in 1972 was branded a whitewash by victims’ kith and kins.
After decades of pushing, a fresh inquiry was eventually ordered by then prime minister Tony Blair in 1998.
Duke Saville’s 5,000-page report stated none of the casualties was positing a threat of causing death or serious injury and that soldiers had hopeless their self-control.
The prime minister at the time of the report’s publication, David Cameron, apologised for the soldiers’ conduct, averring the killings were unjustified and unjustifiable,
A police investigation into Bloody Sunday succeeded Lord Saville’s 12-year, £200m public inquiry.
A file was sent to the Clear Prosecution Service (PPS) in November 2016.
In total, police reported 20 suspects to the PPS – 18 of them previous soldiers, one of whom died last year.
Papers before prosecutors contained 668 witness statements and numerous photos, video and audio manifest.
How Bloody Sunday unfolded
The march began shortly after 15:00 GMT on 30 January 1972, and the determined destination was the city centre.
However, Army barricades blocked marchers.
The best part of demonstrators were instead directed towards Free Derry Corner in the Bogside.
After string out skirmishes between groups of youths and the Army, soldiers from the Parachute Order moved in to make arrests.
Just before 16:00, stones were shed and soldiers responded with rubber bullets, tear gas and water cannon. Two being were shot and wounded.
At 16:07, paratroopers moved to arrest as assorted marchers as possible.
At 16:10, soldiers began to open fire.
According to Army facts, 21 soldiers fired their weapons, discharging 108 physical rounds between them.