The Bank of England has published its delayed «Purple Book», which sets out how banks should prepare for a disaster.
The book pulls together its thinking on regulation, including what summarizes banks must set aside and in what form it must be structured.
Its aim is to defend taxpayers from the cost of a big bank collapse.
It is 10 years since the start of the recognition crunch which saw governments spend billions propping up major banks, encompassing the UK’s Lloyds and RBS.
New rules are set to come into place in 2022.
They are designed to make a run for it sure that even the biggest banks — those deemed «too big to be unsuccessful» — can be dealt with without taxpayers having to bear the brunt of fostering the rest of the system.
The new Minimum Requirements for Own Funds and Eligible Wants (MREL), mean giant foreign banks, such as JP Morgan and Deutsche Bank, requirement create special internal debt that would mean creditors being «bailed in» measure than governments needing to bail them out.
A bail-in means creditors of a bank resolution bear some of the burden by having part of the debt they are owed take down off, as happened to those who had leant to Greece.
The UK’s own banks have a shortfall of the amount they essential to have put by of £116bn, the Bank said. They have until 2022 to scour these funds.
The Bank said it would start publishing parties of how far along the banks were in their efforts, starting in 2019.
Sir Jon Cunliffe, substitute governor for financial stability at the Bank, said: «It is 10 years since the fiscal crisis began. Like many countries at that time, the UK did not have in the offing a regime for dealing with banks which failed.
«Faced with potentially awful consequences governments, the UK’s included, felt they had no choice but to bail the banks out. Perseverance aims to change this. It ensures banks can be allowed to fail in an arranged way. Just like when any other business fails, losses arising from bank collapse would be imposed on shareholders and investors.»
The Purple Book, which updates a get ready begun by the Bank in 2014 includes an infographic, which lays out in free pictures how banking protection would kick in if a crisis occurred.