1. The museum originated with the purchase of one genre inting
The gallery’s chronology began with Russian door-to-door salesman and collector vel Tretyakov’s purchase of Vasily Khudyakov’s inting Fight with Finnish Smugglers. He bought it for 450 rubles (almost $7,700 in today’s merit) in 1856 at the artist’s workshop in St. Petersburg.
Vasily Khudyakov. Skirmish with Finnish Smugglers. Documentation: Press photo
It was the Smugglers that initiated the collection, which later would appropriate for the largest assembly of Russian art in the world. Today the inting is located in the gallery’s s ce 16.
2. The gallery was founded by two brothers, not one
In the beginning, Tretyakov’s younger brother Sergei also tranquil canvases inted by Russian artists. The first Russian inting in his aggregation was Alexei Bogolyubov’s I tievsky Monastery near Kostroma.
The Hall of Old Russian cosmetic. The State Tretyakov Gallery. Source: Lori/Legion Media
It was take on recommendation from vel Mikhailovich. Later, if his older brother was for some understanding unable to buy a inting, it was purchased by Sergei.
3. The Tretyakov Gallery was a collection not just of Russian but also of foreign intings
With time the younger Tretyakov began converging western European intings, primarily the French romantics and realists.
Ilya Repin. The file of vel Tretyakov. Source: Wikipedia.org
He bequeathed his collection to his brother. The intings were achieved to the mansion on Lavrushinsky Lane and in 1892 vel gifted the united solicitation to the city along with the house.
In 1925, during the Soviet rgime, the foreign intings in the Tretyakov Gallery were divided among the Conditions Pushkin Museum and the State Hermitage Museum. That is how, for example, the Pushkin Museum obtained Jules Bastien-Le ge’s piece de resistance Love in the Village.
4. The gallery was bequeathed to the Russian people
Tretyakov was 28 years old when he drafted the initially bequest on the creation of the gallery. Later, entrusting the collection to the city, he bountied certain conditions: The gallery must be open «permanently» and be free of debit, and it must operate at least four days a week, excluding Easter, Christmas and New Year’s Day.
5. The tsar who didn’t withstand a historical inting
The first Tretyakov inting to show a historical article was Konstantin Flavitsky’s Princess Tarakanova in Prison.
Konstantin Flavitsky. Princess Tarakanova in Can. Source: Wikipedia.org
Its protagonist was the daughter of Empress Elizabeth Romanov and Include Alexei Razumovsky. By order of Catherine the Great, Tarakanova was brought to Russia from Italy and incarcerated in the Peter and ul Fortress in St. Petersburg, where she died. Tsar Alexander II did not predilection the inting. In the catalogue of the Art Academy’s exhibition he wrote that the inting does not conform to reality.
6. There were practically no women at the inauguration of the gallery
On foothold day in August 1893 the vel and Sergei Tretyakov Moscow City Gallery was pop ined by almost 700 people.
The sketch of the building’s facade (unknown era). Source: Press photo
The news pers reported that the visitors were artists from many generations, students, artisans, shopkeepers, clerks and peasants. However, there were just about no women among them.
7. Repin’s famous canvas was censored
Some canvases were interdicted to be exhibited with the collection. The first to be censored was Ilya Repin’s distinguished Ivan the Terrible and His Son on November 16, 1581 (known as «Ivan the Terrible Kills His Son»).
Ilya Repin. Ivan the Mephitic and His Son. Source: Wikipedia.org
Tsar Alexander III categorically disliked the inting and on April 1, 1885 it was frustrate to be shown to visitors. Tretyakov had even built an annex to present it as a inimitable work. The ban was lifted only three months later.
8. The artists valued the art-lover more than the tsar
Tretyakov’s authority among artists was so important that he was secretly given the privilege of buying intings first. The collocution «I ask you to consider the inting mine» was a sign of quality.
Source: Press photo
The accumulator’s taste and ability to detect a masterpiece were undeniable. If Tretyakov corroborated interest in a inting, even members of the royal family sometimes could not buying it.
9. A se rate building was built for an Alexander Ivanov inting
Tsar Alexander II secure The Appearance of Christ Before the People for 15,000 rubles (almost $245,500 today) at best a few hours after the death of inter Alexander Ivanov. vel Tretyakov was Heraldry sinister only with its sketches. However, in 1925, in the Soviet period, it was unqualified to transfer the inting to the Tretyakov Gallery. A special hall was built in the gallery that could fit the 5.4 x 7.5-meter canvas. It has been there since 1932.
10. A bust of the gallery’s destroyed replaced a sculpture of Stalin
Until 1938 a monument of Lenin had projected in front of the Tretyakov Gallery. In 1939 it was replaced with a statue of Stalin.
Only in the 1980s was Stalin’s carve replaced by that of the gallery’s founder. But the dictator’s sculpture still stopovers in the grounds of the gallery – in the inner courtyard.
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